General contractors play an important role in managing and overseeing the construction of a building because they make sure that every phase of the construction process is planned and executed effectively and efficiently. General contractors used to have their own working teams specializing in concrete, mechanics, plumbing, and electricity, among others. Today, general contractors mostly work with independent subcontractors. Their role is thus to make sure that each subcontractor works on specific phase of the construction process effectively and efficiently so that the construction project can be accomplished on time and as expected.
General contractor is an elite career that requires candidates to be proficient and experienced in the field as well as knowledgeable of the roles played by general contractors. People who want to pursue this career usually have to work for a general contractor for at least 5 years after they are graduated from any study programs related to their expected career. When they finally decide to become independent contractors, they need to create their business plan and to deal with all legal aspects of their business. In order to be able to provide service legally, they need to be licensed by the state. Other necessary requirements to be a general contractor include insurance and financing. Insurance and bond protect their business from losses when something wrong happens when the construction process is in progress whereas financing allows them to get funding to establish and operate their business. Because they mostly have to work with subcontractors, they need to have contacts of all subcontractors they will work with. General contractors also have to deal with promotional campaigns to make sure that prospective clients know them well.
That is a brief explanation of how to become a general contractor. If you are expecting to pursue this career, you should already know everything that you have to deal with to establish your business.